|Classics of guitar
|Mauro Giuliani (1781-1829)
Mauro Giuliani - the famous italian guitarist-virtuoso, composer, recognized by such authorities as I. Gaidn and Beethoven. He was born near Naples. In his childhood he learned to play violin and flute, at the same time he learned by himself to play the guitar: with 20 years he had such brilliant results that he was recognized in Italy as the best guitarist.
From 1800 began his concert activity, primary in Italy and France. In 1807 he came with concerts to Vienna, where the musical critics recognized him as the greatest guitarist of the world. Living in Vienna. Giuliani is engaged in concert and pedagogical activity. Among his friends are L. Beethoven and I. Gaidn, violinists L. Shpor and I. Meizender, pianists I. Gummel, I. Mosheles and A. Diabelly. In 1816 Giuliani with great success performs in Germany. 1819 he plays in Rom in concerts with D. Rossini and N. Paganiny. Brilliant performances of Giuliani and playing of his own concerts for guitar with the orchestra proved the equality of guitar as a concert instrument with violin, violoncello and piano. "Small orchestra" called L. Beethoven the sounding of Giuliani's guitar.
1821 Giuliani returns to Italy and lives in Rom. In his last life years he performed in Germany, Poland, Russia and England, provoking delight and amazement by his skill. Giuliani died in Naples 1829.
Composer's heritage of Giuliani is enormous; they are near 300 compositions, among which three concerts for the guitar with the orchestra (comp. 30, 36, 70), chamber ensembles with the guitar, sonates, phantasies, scherzo, divertissements, many etudes. He has wrote "School of guitar playing" in 4 parts, but it is not wide spread. Giuliani guitar compositions permit to consider him, as the most prominent representative of italian school, at first place by which was virtuosity.