Igor Rekhin (b.1941)
Igor Rekhin (born 25 March 1941 in Tambov), a famous Russian composer. Honored Artist of Russia (1999), a member of the Composers' Union of Russia, a member of the World Association of guitarists.
From 1962 to 1965 he studied at the State Musical Pedagogical Institute. Gne-sinyh in Moscow in the composition class at Arama Khachaturian, and then continued professional education, Vladimir Tsitovich and Alexandra Pena-Chernoff in classes of theory and composition at the Leningrad Conservatory, where He graduated in 1968. Since 1968 lives in Moscow. In 1970 he was admitted to the Soyuz Soviet Composers. From 1970 to 1977 he taught the history of foreign music, polyphony, harmony arrangements at the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute in absentia. In 1977 he graduated from the graduate school of the university (supervisor TL Berkman), acted with recitals throughout Russia, has collaborated with metropolitan newspapers and magazines ("News", "Musical Life", "Soviet Music", etc.) lecturers involved in the work of the Moscow State Philharmonic, the creation of musical and educational programs at the All-Union Radio and Radio "Mayak". From 1979 to concentrate on composing. In 1999, I. Rekhin was awarded the title of Honored Artist of Russia.
Igor Rekhin - author of more than 100 works written in various genres, including the ballets "Mars" and "third semester" concerts - for Organ "Ode to Peace", for mandolin and orchestra, "The polyphonic concert" and "Three Latin American Dance" for 2 pianos, vocal cycles based on poems by Ivan Bunin, F. Garcia Lorca, piano sonatas, for tuba, euphonium, saxophone, 24 Caprices for solo cello, chamber music has composed for ensembles of the cellists, brass quintet and other instruments, and music for radio shows and theater productions.
Rekhin - the author of numerous works for guitar, well-known at home and abroad: two concertos for guitar and orchestra - for a seven-and six-, seven-and Sonatas for six-string guitars, small pieces for guitar ensembles. The author's "Album of the young guitarist" and a unique cycle "24 Preludes and Fugues for solo guitar": the first performer of this work was Vladimir Tervo, and now it has successfully played Dimitri Illarionov.
The idea of â€‹â€‹the series "24 Preludes and Fugues" for guitar formed in the year of the 300th anniversary of the great German composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750), and was created during 1985-1990. Until Igor Rekhin a famous Italian composer Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco wrote a cycle of 24 preludes and fugues, but for two guitars. Russian composer for the first time decided to put such a task for one guitar, thus combining in a grand in conception and scale of the two series of complex, specific guitar of the moment - "inconvenient" key plus the polyphony.
Idea of â€‹â€‹the work submitted to Igor Rekhin famous guitarist, teacher, Honored Artist of Russia, Professor AK Frauchi. Talking about how to create a cycle, the composer writes: "At the beginning of work on the prelude and fugue began: I wrote in my head musical idea, then write it down. Then tested on the piano, and then elaborate on the guitar. From the beginning, it was found out that sounds good on the piano, it is often difficult enforceable guitar. This path was ineffective. So I changed the practice, just picked up the guitar and began to look for options for theme and its development, and then wrote down, and then test it on the piano. Essay on guitar allowed me to to better understand its capabilities and features of polyphonic music as a tool".
In 1985, a record company, "Melody" was published record of the famous Russian guitarist NA Komolyatova. On this disc, besides suites Rehin "In Memory of Heitor Villa-Lobos" was recorded first, a newly-established composer Prelude and Fugue in C-dur from "24 Preludes and Fugues". Since 1986, Igor Rekhin actively worked with guitarist Vladimir Tervo, which was dedicated cycle. First V. Tervo performed entirely cycle "24 Preludes and Fugues" for guitar January 3, 1992 in Moscow. The premiere was a success.
A year after the Russian premiere of Cycle I. Rekhin "24 Preludes and Fugues" for guitar and Western European premiere took place in this series (in Germany) by V. Tervo. This event caused a great resonance. In "The Wonderful World of preludes and fugues Igor Rekhin" guitarist and composer Lorenz Schmidt writes: "The organizers of the composer and the performer does not show sounded before in the western world is a unique cycle, opened the concert repertoire for guitar completely new way: through music, maintaining the tradition of the old polyphonic masters of the lute in a homogeneous connection with the latest styles and trends, from pop to avant-garde, this cycle, having a wide impact and quality, gives guitarists the opportunity, without any undue exaggeration comparisons and put it on par with well-known compositions for the other traditional concert instruments such as the piano. All students from first to last sound felt that it was the highest musical high points they had".
In 1993, the German publishers of Vogt and Fritz (Verlag Vogt & Fritz, Schweinfurt - V & F 511) has issued a series of "24 Preludes and Fugues" for the guitar in two volumes. A year later, the famous German magazine "Gitare & Laute" cycle called "epochal essay-tion" ("Gitarre & Laute", Cologne, Germany. 1994. ¹ 1.). "The search for Igor Rekhin of guitar music are determined by a combination of liriz-ma, a bright melody and accurate and constructive cape, if ..." - written in one of the reviews. "Continuing the great tradition of Segovia, Igor Rekhin found new means of polyphonic writing, which put the guitar in a row with instruments with their own polyphonic technique" ("Le Cahiers de La Guitarre" - "Guitar Notebook", Paris, France. - 1993. - number 48 - C. 33).
November 26, 2001, after 11 years of writing and 10 years after the premiere of Igor Vladimirovich Rekhin cycle "24 Preludes and Fugues" for guitar sounded again in Moscow fully performed by Dmitry Illarionov, a concert hall Prechistenke. (See also the review of the concert: "The opening up new horizons", wl "Guitarist", ¹ 1, 2002)
Writing his preludes and fugues, the composer worked on other products. In the same years (1984-1990) were written: the song cycle "The Seasons" on poems by Ivan Bunin; Sonata for tuba and piano - commissioned by the American tuba player Scott Watson, TA-BO-CA for Flute and Guitar, Little Suite for brass quintet concert for Russian 7-string guitar and symphony orchestra.
Music by Igor Rekhin regularly played at various festivals ("Moscow Autumn", "Bratislava Spring," "The Berlin Festival: guitar and chamber music," "Summer Music in North Ossetia," the "Festival of Contemporary Music in Havana," etc.). Professional activities as a composer Igor Rekhin combines with recitals and master classes in composition, lectures and seminars in Russia and abroad (speaking, in particular, at conferences and workshops in Havana, Berlin, Gdansk, Dublin, Wuppertal and other cities) and cooperates with a number of domestic and foreign music publishers, newspapers and magazines. He regularly participates as a jury member of various international and regional competitions in Havana, Gdansk, Barcelona, Poltava, Omsk, Moscow, Tula, Przemysl and other cities, performs with recitals (performed including as a conductor with symphony orchestras in Omsk , Ordzhonikidze, Gomel)
In 1993, Igor Rekhin was invited to the music editor at the magazine "Guitarist". In 1996, he founded in Moscow Russian Section of the European Guitar Teachers Association (EGTA), in 1998 - the International Guitar Academy in Moscow.