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Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959)
Heitor Villa-Lobos
     Heitor Villa-Lobos - Brazilian composer, guitarist. He is one of the great figures in music and the greatest pride of his country. This Pablo Casals' opinion of the brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959) shared many outstanding musicians of the XX century; among them were Sharl Munsh and Leopold Stocovsky.
     Founder of brazilian national music, author of "Shoro" and "Brazilian bachians", symphonies and operas, chamber compositions and ballets, folklorist and conductor, initiator of foundation and the first president of Brazilian musical academy - this is not all of Villa-Lobos importance in the world music. Base of his creative activity is the brilliant knowledge of very difficult in structure brazilian folklore (where combined elements of indian, african, spanish-portugesish and other european musical cultures) and selection of national direction. Villa-Lobos, in his best compositions, gave generalized and poetic image of Brazilia, without exotic and nationalism. His creation is vivid and original and has a great artistical in fluence.
     The seventeenth Heitor composed a piece for guitar. 1908 he composed "Brazilian suite", 1920 - "Shoro I", 1939 - Preludes, 1951 - Concert devoted to Segovia, other pieces.
     Two cycles - "5 preludes" and "12 etudes" for solo guitar represent a great contribution of Villa-Lobos into the world guitar literature. That's why that the guitar for Brazilia is a traditional folk instrument, Villa-Lobos avoids national colouring. He gave universal orientation even in the names of his compositions. When in "Preludes" brazilian origin is represented in generalized-romantic style, "Etudes" are the compositions of transcendent technical complication and much more accentuate the guitar status as national concert instrument.

 


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