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Federico Moreno Torroba
Federico Moreno Torroba
     Federico Moreno Torroba was born in Madrid 1891 in a family of musicians. The first teacher of the boy was his father Hose Moreno Ballesteros - brilliant organist and conductor, under whose conducting was performed the ballet of Manuel de Falla's "Love, the Sorcerer" (later this ballet was performed under conducting of Federico Moreno Torroba). After graduating Madrid conservatory of composition class Conrado del Carpio, Moreno Torroba creates symphonic compositions maning him famous, - "Pictures" (under influence of Velaskes and Goya), symphonic poems "La Ajorca de Oro" (1918) and "Soriada" (1919), compositions for violin with the orchestra "Capriccio Romantico". In Spain is very popular his lyric comedy "Luiza Fernanda".
     A great influence made on young Moreno Torroba, as on other spanish composers, russian music. "My first contacts with russian music, - wrote Moreno Torroba to Miron Waisbord on the 1 of February 1977, - were connected with the concerts of philharmonic orchestra in Madrid. They were performed compositions of Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, and Mussorgsky. Orchestral ideas of these composers had great influence on my instrumental technique. The influence of french impressionism from Debussy and Ravel continued till the moment I met your Igor Stravinsky, maning great influence on me. My pen got more courageous than before. The principal feature of my music is connection with the folklore. But methods of Ravel and Stravinsky aren't alien to my compositions".
     Many compositions of F. Moreno Torroba are program in the best meaning of this word. "Spain casteless", "Madrid gates", "Lamanch melodies" - in this compositions lives immortal spirit of Spain given to the world Cervantes, Calderon, Goya, Albeniz, Granados, Falla and many other famous writers and poets, painters and musicians.

 


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